Top 9 Reasons For Facial Pigmentation And Their Cure

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What is Facial Pigmentation?

Facial pigmentation is a medical term for darker patches of skin caused by excessive melanin production. This can be triggered by anything from sun damage and acne scars to hormonal imbalances.

You are not alone if you are struggling with facial pigmentation. If you believe you are developing these patches, a facial hyperpigmentation treatment can help.

Here are the top 9 reasons for pigmentation

The reason for facial pigmentation varies depending on its type. The most common reasons include:

  1. Sun exposure
  2. The body makes more melanin to shield the skin from excessive sun exposure. This may result in sun spots or age spots, which are dark spots or patches on the skin.

  3. Melasma
  4. Darker spots of skin can develop when people have hormonal imbalances. This form of facial pigmentation is prevalent during pregnancy. People with lighter to darker skin tones are more likely to get it, and it may run in families.

    Females are more likely than males to get melasma. While the exact cause of melasma is unknown, a change in hormones, such as during pregnancy or the use of birth control pills, may cause it.

  5. Skin inflammation
  6. Areas of skin can change colour after individuals have had skin inflammation. This can be a skin injury, lupus, acne, or eczema. Post-inflammatory facial pigmentation is more likely to occur in individuals with darker skin.

  7. Drug-related reactions
  8. Facial pigmentation can be caused by some medications, including antimalarial drugs and tricyclic antidepressants. Skin patches may become grey in these conditions. Facial pigmentation can also be caused by the chemicals in topical medications.

  9. Medical conditions
  10. The more serious causes of facial pigmentation are Addison’s disease and hemochromatosis.

    Addison’s disease impairs the adrenal glands. It can induce pigmentation in some parts of the body, such as:

    • Toes
    • Knuckles
    • Knees and elbows
    • Lips
    • Inside the cheek
    • Folds of the skin

    A genetic disorder called hemochromatosis results in an excess of iron in the body. Facial pigmentation, which makes the skin look tanned or darker, can result from it. Hyperpigmentation can develop when iron concentrations are five times greater than normal.

  11. Pregnancy
  12. Some pregnant women experience dark, uneven patches on their faces, most commonly on the nose, lips, forehead, and upper cheek. This is known as “chloasma.” It is also referred to as the “mask of pregnancy.”

    Pregnancy-related skin hyperpigmentation is prevalent and often caused by endocrinological changes. Irregular patterns involve the linea nigra and discoloration of the areola.

  13. Hormonal changes
  14. Hormonal factors are the primary cause of chloasma or melasma, two types of hyperpigmentation. It is thought to develop when the female sex hormones progesterone and oestrogen cause an increase in melanin production when the body is exposed to sunlight.It’s more common in women. Some hormone therapy can also cause facial pigmentation as an adverse reaction.

  15. Pigmented birthmarks
  16. These discoloured patches of skin will develop at or shortly after birth, as would be expected. Even though the majority of birthmarks are non-cancerous, some of them can be dangerous to your health.

  17. Age
  18. The number of melanocytes, or melanin-producing cells, in the skin declines with age, but those that remain become larger and are more evenly distributed. The progression of age spots in people over 40 is explained by these biological changes.

    Reduce And Prevent Facial Pigmentation

    A lot of facial pigmentation can be avoided. Sun exposure can be avoided with adequate sunscreen use. Instead of using a modest amount of the lotion, use at least 2 tablespoons of good-quality sunscreen. This can help build up a powerful barrier and shield against the harmful rays of the sun.

Multiple cosmetic procedures can also help with skin lightening and minimise the presence of
facial pigmentation.

Laser treatment

It is also known as “laser toning” or “facial laser pigmentation treatment” and is effective on nearly all pigmentations, including flat birthmarks, age spots, sun spots, and freckles. Since the facial laser pigmentation treatment stimulates collagen formation, one can expect lasting results.

Chemical peels

In a chemical peel, the targeted skin area is treated with more concentrated acids. By eliminating the top layer of the skin, they lessen the presence of facial pigmentation.


It uses the skin exfoliation procedure by removing the skin’s outermost layer. This activates the body’s natural healing process and, by stimulating cell turnover, accelerates skin repair.


Usually, a numbing ointment is used before the procedure to reduce discomfort. The process involves applying a little pressure to the targeted area of the skin while using a handheld tool and a wire brush.

Intense pulse light

It is also known as “photofacial,” “IPL therapy,” or “photorejuvenation.” This is the preferred facial pigmentation treatment method for those with a lighter complexion.


Similar to photofacial therapy, this technique is only effective on light skin tones. The skin tissue is frozen using liquid nitrogen. A scab develops after a few days, and when it sheds, the clear, new skin is exposed.


At Clinic Eximus, our doctors can help you identify the reason for facial pigmentation. The reason for facial pigmentation can be identified through skin tests and symptoms. A dermatologist can support you in achieving radiant, younger-looking, and beautiful skin. Maintain your skin’s health by getting regular skin checkups.


1 – Best clinic for facial pigmentation in Delhi?

Clinic Eximus is the best clinic for facial pigmentation in Delhi. At Clinic Eximus, experts treat facial pigmentation in Delhi using a multidimensional approach. This strategy produces more effective and lasting outcomes.

2: Can facial pigmentation be cured?

Answer: To completely remove facial pigmentation, you can use a variety of hyperpigmentation treatments, such as chemical peels, topical creams, and facial laser pigmentation treatment.

3: What treatment is available for facial pigmentation?

Answer: A laser peel or resurfacing procedure is used as facial pigmentation treatment which uses targeted light beams. Ablative and non-ablative lasers are both available. Ablative lasers are the most powerful, and they include separating your skin’s layers.

4: Does pigmentation come back after treatment?

Answer: It depends on the type of hyperpigmentation treatment you choose. If you’ve been trying band-aid fixes rather than finding the root cause, your pigmentation will return frequently. Due to this, you must consult a dermatologist or other qualified professional.

5 – Will my skin get a darker laser facial pigmentation treatment?

Answer: You should expect some light redness following treatment. Additionally, you may notice that some of your freckles have darkened. This is common. Depending on how quickly your skin regenerates new skin cells, pigment naturally sheds off the skin’s surface in seven to fourteen days.

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