Dandruff is a very common problem that most of us face during Winters and sometimes all year round.

What is dandruff ?

Dandruff is a common scalp condition in which there is dry skin that flakes off the scalp. You can see white oily flakes on your scalp or It is mainly seen when we wear dark clothes and it tends to settle on our shoulders, causing us embarrassment.

What causes Dandruff ?

 The reasons for Dandruff are Complex. Research is going on and shows a few factors that can cause and increase the Dandruff .

It is a common myth that Poor Hygiene causes Dandruff .

It is a common myth that Poor Hygiene causes Dandruff .

That is not true ! Poor hygiene doesn't cause Dandruff, however if you do not clean your scalp properly then it becomes more noticeable as the skin cells increase in number.

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic Dermatitis

it is a severe form of Dandruff where chunks of dry skin fall off taking some amount of hair with it.

Yeast Malassezia is also said to be one of the culprits.

Yeast Malassezia is also said to be one of the culprits.

It is actually a fungus that increases cell growth considerably on the scalp.

Hair care products

Hair Care Products

Multiple hair care products can sometimes irritate the scalp leading to Dandruff.

Oilier hair

Oilier Hair

some people have inherently oily hair , leading to an oily scalp and Dandruff.

Medical conditions

Medical Conditions

some illnesses like HIV, Parkinsons , and decreased immunity conditions can lead to Dandruff.

Symptoms of Dandruff

  • Flaky scalp  Flakiness is a major concern and that can cause social embarrassment as flakes tend to settle on the shoulders. 
  • Itchy scalp.
  • Hair Fall is One of the major concerns is the Hair fall associated with Dandruff . There is loss of hair as the scalp tends to be irritated and can lead to loss of hair. 

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Yes, the hair can be easily lost due to Dandruff.

Not necessarily , itchy scalp can occur in many other conditions also like seborrheic dermatitis, Psoriasis. It is best to consult your doctor to understand the reason.


During Monsoon, there is a lot of humidity in the air ,thi salong with the trapped heat leads to the growth of various microbes on the scalp like bacteria and Fungi. In fact the Malassezia fungus thrives in moist environments of the scalp.


Dandruff can develop at any age, especially after puberty .


For reasons not very clear, it is seen that Men develop Dandruff more than females .

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