Under eye dark circles developed for basically three reasons.
Excessive Pigmentation This means increased pigmentation around the area of eye due to various reasons.
Excessive Vascularity. As skin around the eyes is very thin the blood vessels present within the muscles are easily seen , the changes in these vessels lead to the appearance of Dark circles .
Shadow effect : A combination of loose skin and appearance of fat from beneath .The muscle leads to a shadow effect that looks like dark circles.
It is very important to find the actual cause of this under eye dark circles because the treatment will depend on the cause.
Various Chemical peels can help to reduce the pigmentation and also stimulate collagen production in the under eye area leading to a significant reduction in the Dark Circles.
Fillers specially Hyaluronic acid fillers help to fill up the under eye areas thereby removing the shadow effect and giving fullness to the under eye area reducing the appearance of dark circles . This also leads to underwrite tightening and rejuvenation of the under eye area giving a younger look.
Platelet rich plasma contains a rich mix of dermal and epidermal growth factors. They work at the level of epidermis and dermis to significantly reduce pigmentation , boost collagen and significantly improve the under eye dark circles and help in under eye Rejuvenation.
Dark circles respond very well to Laser treatments . The 1320 nm wavelength of Q switch Laser is very effective in treating Dark Circles.
Meso therapy involves the penetration of right medicines into the deep layers of the skin . Depending on what condition you have your doctor will advise the right Mesotherapy for you.
You can take the following steps to prevent the dark circles from getting worse .
1.Diet : a very critical factor is taking a balanced diet. Ensure that all the nutritional components are taken ,even the micronutrients and fats, the quantity of micronutrients is less but is very important for the body.
Amongst the many deficiencies said to cause dark circles, iron deficiency is very important . Increasing the iron levels can help to reduce dark circles.
Once dark circles develop, it is best to consult your doctor to understand the reasons for dark circles and opt for various treatments that work to make under eye dark circles better. Delay in treatment can only worsen the problem
Since dark circles depend on multiple factors , it is very important to keep these factors in mind if you want to prevent dark circles from reappearing .