Burns are one of the most common injuries, especially amongst children. Burns are severe skin injuries that cause severe skin damage that causes the skin cells to die.
They are called Superficial Burns as they affect the outermost layer of the skin. Signs include Redness Swelling Pain Dry peeling skin occurs as skin heals Signs and symptoms heal within 7-10 days when the skin sheds.
They are more serious as damage extends below the top layer of the skin Signs include Red skin Skin ready to blister Blisters pop open leading to a weeping wound Takes longer than 3 weeks to heal Heals without scarring but with pigmentation.
Damage extends through all layers of skin, making them severe category burns. Signs Include -can be painless because of extensive damage to nerves - waxy white color - char - dark brown color - blisters that do not develop - leathery texture - heal with strictures and contractures.
Treatment of Burns depends on the type of burn. It is always better to show the patient at Clinic Eximus. Our experts will judge the degree of burns and plan treatment accordingly. Sometimes, patients can misjudge the extent of burns and do inadequate treatments that can lead to future complications.
Surgery for Burns is indicated for Third degree Burns and correction of old burn wounds that have healed with Strictures and contractures. Surgery uses a Skin Graft to correct these concerns. Skin Graft is a portion of skin taken from a Healthy area and positioned into the scar area.
For non complicated burns , an over the counter Neosporin can be used .
Immediately immerse the burnt area in tap water or cold water and apply cold compress.
Do this for 10 min till pain subsides.
Apply Petroleum Jelly 2- 3times daily.
Avoid applying toothpaste, butter, creams as they can cause infection
Burn can be covered only by a non stick dressing
Deep partial thickness burns injure the deeper layers of skin making them appear red and white .