Kids are special patients. When they come with dental problems, they have to be treated comprehensively. The dental treatment for kids is done differently compared to adults as they have special requirements with respect to time of treatment, behavior modification and understanding of dental treatments.
Tooth color restorations which release fluorides which prevent decay are preferred at Clinic Eximus.
Milk teeth preserve space for permanent teeth. If they have deep cavities, root canals are done to preserve the kid's teeth till permanent teeth take their place. If this is not done, teeth will be lost and mal-alignment will set in. Also infection from milk teeth damages the underlying permanent tooth.
When teeth removal has to be done in cases where kids teeth are damaged beyond repair then atraumatic tooth removal is followed so that painless tooth removal is achieved. We use completely sterilised instruments to prevent cross infection.
Habits like thumb sucking, lip sucking, nail biting, and pencil chewing can all lead to irregular mal-aligned teeth. Habit correction treatments are also done at Clinic Eximus.
“Prevention is Better than Cure “ And this starts early by preventing Teeth issues in kids through : Regular checkups Regular cleaning Fluoride treatment Pit and fissure sealants.
When children's teeth are lost early, we have to preserve the space for permanent teeth so that the teeth do not become irregular. Space maintenance is done by our eminent, highly qualified Team of Orthodontist & Pedodontist .
The size of the teeth and the jaw can give an indication for future mal-occlusion. We at Clinic Eximus comprehensively study the patients and can prevent future braces treatment with early functional therapy.
That is the reason our family of patients has been continuously increasing since 2004
These milk teeth preserve the space for the permanent teeth .If there is gap in between milk teeth, it is a good sign; this gap will be eventually utilized by the permanent teeth because they are larger in size. So do not worry if there is a gap in between the milk teeth.
Permanent teeth start developing at birth and develop just below the deciduous teeth .If cavities in deciduous teeth are not treated at the right time it can affect permanent teeth in 2 ways-
Firstly, untreated cavities can become deeper and deeper and transmit the infection to the underlying permanent tooth. This infection from the milk tooth can change the size, shape, colour, texture and time of eruption of a permanent tooth.
Secondly untreated cavities lead to early loss of deciduous teeth. Time when the milk tooth falls is important because they protect the space for the permanent tooth till the time it is ready to appear in the mouth. That is why all milk teeth do not fall at the same time, they fall at regular intervals. So if untreated cavities are left in milk teeth, they fall off early, once they fall off the spaces in between milk teeth are closed down by the neighbouring tooth. This closed space leads to abnormal positioning of permanent teeth leading to crooked and malpositioned permanent teeth, which not only affects the looks of the child but can also cause problems in speech and facial growth.
A clinical check-up and an x-ray can help us to find out the approximate time when a permanent tooth will appear in the mouth. If time for the appearance of a permanent tooth is more, then the space should be maintained with a space maintainer.
Habits like thumb sucking, nail biting, and mouth breathing have harmful effects on both teeth and gums. Thumb sucking can lead to forwardly placed permanent front teeth, nail biting can cause crooked teeth, and mouth breathing can lead to chronic swelling of gums, which is why these habits should be intercepted at the right age by use of habit breaking appliances.
Early cavities of milk teeth can be filled with special filling that releases fluoride so that chances of further development of cavities are reduced. Deep cavities can be treated with root canal treatment .Yes root canal treatment is done for children also but it is slightly different from that done for the permanent tooth.
Following steps can be taken
1) Always make sure that your child is brushing his teeth in a proper manner i.e. downwards for the upper teeth and upwards for the lower teeth. Also get into the habit of brushing teeth at bedtime.
2) Never leave the milk bottle in child’s mouth for long time, because the bacteria ferment this milk and cavities are caused.
3) Encourage children to brush their teeth after they eat anything sticky like chocolates, sweets, chips etc.
4) Regular dental check-up is important.
5) Fluoride applications help in reducing cavities in both milk and permanent teeth.
88 Jagrtiti Enclave, Near Jain Heart Hospital,
Karkar Duma, Anand Vihar, Delhi, 110092